RELIGIOUS STUDIES AT HIGHCLIFFE
year 7 revision

Year 7 Revision

Your RE exam is coming up and you will need to be prepared. The examination will last 45 minutes and you will be writing your anwers on the sheet.

Make sure you read all the instructions carefully and attempt all of the questions. Have  a look at the marks awarded to each question. This will give you an idea about how much to write and how many points to make.

 

The following notes will help you with your revision for the forthcoming examination on the two units you have studied – Ultimate Questions and Hinduism.

 

Key terms we have used over the last two terms:

 

Omnipotent                   All powerful

Omnipresent                 Everywhere all of the time

Onmniscient                 All knowing /all seeing

Transcendent               Beyond time and space

Benevolent                   All loving

Theism                         Believing in God

Atheism                        Not believing in God

Agnosticism                  Not sure – lacking enough evidence

The Trinity                    Father, Son and Holy spirit

Puja                              Worship

 

Some arguments we looked at for the existence of God were:

 

  • The Cosmological argument by Thomas Aqunias – The idea of cause and effect with God being the first cause or prime mover.
  • The Design Argument by William Paley – Who suggested that the world looked designed because it is so complicated, therefore there must be a designer and that designer must be God. He used the analogy of the watch, where he claimed that even if he had never seen one before and did not know what it was for, on looking at how complex it was he would assume that it had been designed and therefore there must be a watch designer and maker.
  • The existence of Miracles – We looked at the ideas of David Hume who said that miracles were wrong and should not and probably did not happen and that people were either lying or misinterpreting experiences. “Miracles are a violation of nature” We also looked at different examples of miracles mentioned in the Bible e.g. The feeding of the 5000, Jesus walking on water, his healing miracles, Jesus’ birth and resurrection etc. We compared these to some more modern examples like the boy who was hit by a pole.

 

 

Ideas about life after death we looked at were:

 

We looked at lots of different ideas, but mainly focused on Reincarnation and Resurrection.

 

Reincarnation is a believe that when a person dies, their life is weighed up in terms of their good and bad actions (Karma) and they are reborn into another life until they are released from the cycle.

This belief is held by religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism.

We looked at the evidence in the form of past life experiences, and case studies like the two sisters who remembered being their older sisters who had died before they were born.

And the story of Purnima from Sri Lanka who remembered being a man called Jenadassa who was crushed by a bus.

 

Resurrection is the idea of being raised from the dead and judged by God, it follows from the belief that Jesus came back to life before joining God.

We looked at the Christian view of heaven and hell and how a Christian funeral illustrates these beliefs e.g  Readings about resurrection, readings about heaven, (RC) prayers for the departed so that they are not in purgatory for too long etc..

For evidence of this we looked at what it says in the Bible about an afterlife and the fact that some people claim to have had near death experiences.

 

Some of the ideas about God we discussed were:

 

The view by Christians that God is all loving and all Powerful and yet evil and suffering seems to still exist. We made the distinction between natural and moral evil and found examples of suffering. We also discussed why this issue may be a reason why some people do not believe in God.

In the Hinduism unit we found this to be less problematic due to the fact that The Hindu God Brahman can be seen in many different ways, some good and some bad. We identified some of the different aspects of Brahman and focused on the tree main ones, being Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. We compared this to Christian ideas about the Trinity. We found out that the Hindu God’s interacted with one another and had families, such as Shiva’s wife, Parvati, creating a son called Ganesh out of mud. This is the God that ended up with the elephant head because Shiva cut off the boy’s head and had to replace it with that of an elephant.

We were able to understand the idea of many Gods actually representing an element of on supreme deity by looking at the poem of the elephant and the blind men.

  

Acts of worship we looked at were:

 

We focused on Hindu worship at home and in the temple using a shrine to a particular God or Goddess. We understood the purpose of this worship and of the ritualistic nature of Puja. We found that many families drew great stength from puja and that they were able to ask God for help and protection. The puja tray helped the devotees to focus their minds on their worship and affected their senses.

  • The diva lamp to welcome the God and bring the devotee closer to God
  • The water pot showing purity
  • The Tilak dish containing the sacred sandalwood paste which is placed on the forehead to identify the worshipper as a devotee.
  • The incense which is usually sandalwood, the smell brings calm and helps to focus the mind
  • The offering dish is used to offer the gods items to be blessed, such as flowers, fruit and rice.
  • The bell is rung to call the family to worship and to wake the Gods, it also helps to eliminate distracting sounds.

  

 

 

 

Good luck in your examination!

 

 

 


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